26 – IARLG – SURAH 33. AL-AHZAB ; AYAT 72;;; Date: 15th August 2014; 18th or 19th Shawwal 1435

Date: 15th August 2014; 18th/19th Shawwal 1435;

Source:http://www.questionsonislam.com/article/verse-72-chapter-al-ahzab-allah-says-8220we-did-indeed-offer-trustamanah-heavens-and-earth- ; Alaaddin Başar (Prof.Dr.)

ISLAMIC AL-JUMUAA REMINDER AND LEGACY GROUP (http://aljumaareminder.com/presents a Reminder about our Al-Amanah offered to us by Allah:

SURAH 33. AL-AHZAB ; AYAT 72

Truly, We did offer Al-Amanah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. afraid of Allah’s Torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to himself) and ignorant (of its result) (Qur’an 33:72)

The meaning of amanah in the dictionary is being trustworthy, or something left to someone to keep or to protect. The opposite of amanah is betrayal or treason. That is, not to keep the amanah, to use it not in the way that the person who left it wanted but in a way that he (the person to whom the amanah was left) wanted…

As a term amanah has various meanings. The most important ones are as follows: All of the religious obligations, fardhs (compulsory deeds), Islams orders, everything that was granted to human beings, mind, the ability to become a khalifah on the earth.

Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” (Qur’an 33:72)

One of those souls is the eye; it was not assigned the duty to hear. Another is the ear; it was not imposed the duty to understand. The soul of the sheep was not assigned the duty to contemplate; the mountains and the stones were not assigned the duty to illuminate. Each being was assigned a duty in accordance with their ability. The soul of a human being is different from that of other beings. He was given the partial will (iradah juziyyah). He was left free whether to do the duty assigned to him or not. The reason why he is unjust and foolish is that he uses this partial will in a wrong way and lets his soul use it

Amanah is assigned to a being that has the iradah (will). You cannot say for the money that you put in the safe I entrusted the money to the safe. That is to say, a nonliving thing cannot be entrusted anything Angels are not much more different than nonliving things. Their assignment does not depend on offer but on order.

In the verse about the amanah it is mentioned that the amanah was offered to the heavens, the earth and the mountains not imposed. If it had been imposed, it would have been impossible to think that they would have rejected it. There is another meaning in the word offer. A Sultan calls a soldier before him and offers him a duty to do. For instance he says, “Can you work as a clerk?” The soldier apologizes to the Sultan and says, “Unfortunately I cannot read or write; if I could, I would carry out your order”. This offer is not like, ‘Bring me some water’. Any soldier can bring water but not all of them can work as a clerk.

In the verse about the amanah, Allah wanted the heavens, the earth and the mountains to do a duty. He offered them an amanah. We cannot know the true nature of this offer, nor can we evaluate their abdication from the duty as disobedience. The duty that was offered to them was not something that they could do with their abilities, capitals and strength. However, the nature of a human being, his organs, his abilities are suitable for this duty. Thus he undertook the duty that the heavens had abdicated from.

What is this duty? Bediuzzaman points out in the twelfth truth of the Booklet of Resurrection that this amanah is the ability of the human beings and explained the duty assigned to this ability as to measure and know, with his slight and petty measures and crafts, the all encompassing attributes, the universal workings, and the infinite manifestations of the Creator.

Let’s explain it with his own example: Just as I make this house and know how to make it, and I see it and own it and administer it, so also the mighty palace of the universe has a Maker. That Maker knows it, sees it, makes it, administers it, and so on…

By making this and other comparisons, the heavens, the earth and the mountains could not undertake the duty to know the endless attributes of Allah and His workings; for they did not have the ability to do these things.

In this verse, the significance of man which is higher than the heavens and the divine duty of man which surpasses the universe is stated and man is advised not to pursue small, unimportant things. Otherwise he is taught and warned that by not using the abilities he is granted properly, he will have tortured them spiritually and that he will have become foolish by buying the hell instead of the paradise.

IARLG’s comments via Dr Zakir’s: We would also like to stress on (Qur’an 33:72). We are on a test from Allah. The Qur’an says every human being was asked; do you want to be a human being? So Allah asked the human beings and the Qur’an says that we the human beings were fools who opted for the test. Now once you undergo a test, if you follow the commandment after free will you will be superior to an angel. If you disobey Allah you become inferior to an angel. We wanted to pass with distinction you and us. You say now that you don’t remember, of course you will not remember and even we don’t remember. But we believe in the Qur’an; on the Day of Judgment Allah says not a single human being will object to the justice of Allah. That we will come to know on the Day of Judgment, the only thing we will say is that, “Oh Mighty God please give us one more chance.” Allah will say, “It’s too late”. Allah only gives chances in this world itself; you make a mistake, Allah gives you a chance to repent in this world. We choose to be human beings; if didn’t get to choose you would have questioned Allah on the Day of Judgment, “Why did you make me a human being?” Then Allah would have been at fault. But Allah says in the Qur’an He asked, the mountains and everything else were afraid, we human beings opted for this. {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQ7HiY49P3w}

26 - IARLG - SURAH 33. AL-AHZAB ; AYAT 72;;; Date: 15th August 2014; 18th or 19th Shawwal 1435 (71 downloads)

 

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