Date: 30th October 2015; 16th/17th Muharram 1436;
Source: Anwar Anawlaki’s lectures
ISLAMIC AL-JUMUAA REMINDER AND LEGACY GROUP (http://aljumaareminder.com/) reminds about our responsibilities as leaders and/or followers:
LEADERS AND FOLLOWERS
(Allah) said (to Musa): “Verily! We have tried your people in your absence, and As-Samiri has led them astray.” (Qur’an 20:85)
And when Musa (Moses) returned to his people, angry and grieved, he said: “What an evil thing is that which you have done (i.e. worshipping the calf) during my absence. Did you hasten and go ahead as regards the matter of your Lord (you left His worship)?” And he threw down the Tablets and seized his brother by (the hair of) his head and dragged him towards him. Harun (Aaron) said: “O son of my mother! Indeed the people judged me weak and were about to kill me, so make not the enemies rejoice over me, nor put me amongst the people who are Zalimun (wrong-doers).” (Qur’an 7:150)
And Harun (Aaron) indeed had said to them beforehand: “O my people! You are being tried in this, and verily, your Lord is (Allah) the Most Beneficent, so follow me and obey my order.” They said: “We will not stop worshipping it (i.e. the calf), until Musa (Moses) returns to us.” (Qur’an 20:90-91)
[Musa (Moses)] said: “O Harun (Aaron)! What stopped you when you saw them going astray; That you followed me not (according to my advice to you)? Have you then disobeyed my order?” He [Harun (Aaron)] said: “O son of my mother! Seize (me) not by my beard, nor by my head! Verily, I feared lest you should say: ‘You have caused a division among the Children of Israel, and you have not respected my word!’ “(Qur’an 20:92-94)
[Musa (Moses)] said: “And what is the matter with you. O Samiri? (i.e. why did you do so?)” (Samiri) said: “I saw what they saw not, so I took a handful (of dust) from the hoof print of the messenger [Jibrael’s (Gabriel) horse] and threw it [into the fire in which were put the ornaments of the Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) people, or into the calf]. Thus my inner-self suggested to me.” (Qur’an 20:95-96)
Musa (Moses) said: “Then go away! And verily, your (punishment) in this life will be that you will say: “Touch me not (i.e.you will live alone exiled away from mankind); and verily (for a future torment), you have a promise that will not fail. And look at your ilah (god), to which you have been devoted. We will certainly burn it, and scatter its particles in the sea.”(Qur’an 20:97)
Lesson: Why did Musa turn to Samiri the last though he was the cause of the whole problem? When Musa first came, who did he first blame?
- First he directed the blame to his people and then who did he blame next? He blamed Harun next and finally he blamed Samiri. Look at the wisdom in that. Who is the one who is responsible for this sin? It is the people because if Samiri gave his advice and people didn’t follow it, it would not have occurred. Always in every Ummah there are going to be people who call to evil; so who carries the burden? It is the Ummah, it is the whole Ummah of the children of Israel (in this case) and so Musa directed the blame to them first because if they did not follow the advice this problem would have stopped right there and would not have occurred.[So any problem we as an Ummah are going through today is our problem as an Ummah. The problem that is happening in Iraq, Somalia, Palestine or in any other part of the Muslim world it is our problem collectively as an Ummah].
- Then from the people the blame goes next to the leader(s); Musa didn’t go to talk with Samiri next, he went to the leader (Harun). In this case Harun cannot be blamed because he was not approving the worship of the calf. He tried to prevent the evil by advising the children of Israel (it is not wisdom to stay quiet) but they didn’t listen and hence he did not continue to pressurize them; this is because when preventing an evil, one has to ensure that it does not lead to a greater evil. So Harun believed that it would be best to wait for Musa since he alone would be able to handle the children of Israel who were disobedient.
- Then in the end Musa went to deal with Samiri and asked him, “What is wrong Samiri?” The problem, Samiri, was dealt with last; this is because Samiri is one person who is following Satan; if the people and the leader stood against Samiri, he couldn’t do anything. The problem who was Samiri was then exiled.
A good example of followers who won’t allow corruption:Once there came war spoils in Madinah, in which there were a number of shawls. Umar distributed them among the people and everybody got one shawl. The next day Umar appeared wearing a dress made of two shawls. Umar in his address to the people said, “O People listen and obey.” An ordinary man stood up and said, “We will not obey until you tell us how you are wearing two shawls while every one of us got one. Umar was known for his hot temper. But instead of shutting him up he very calmly said, “My son will reply.” His son turned to the man and said, “As you know my father is a tall man. One shawl was not enough to cover his body, so I gave him my shawl.” On this clarification the man sat down saying, “now we listen and obey.” Umar thanked Allah for giving him followers who would stand up for what is right.
And a believing man of Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) family, who hid his faith said: “Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allah, and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord? And if he is a liar, upon him will be (the sin of) his lie; but if he is telling the truth, then some of that (calamity) wherewith he threatens you will befall on you.” Verily, Allah guides not one who is a Musrif, a liar! (Qur’an 40:28)
So Allah saved him from the evils that they plotted (against him), while an evil torment encompassed Fir’aun’s people. The Fire; they are exposed to it, morning and afternoon, and on the Day when the Hour will be established (it will be said to the angels): “Cause Fir’aun’s people to enter the severest torment!” And, when they will dispute in the Fire, the weak will say to those who were arrogant; “Verily! We followed you, can you then take from us some portion of the Fire?” Those who were arrogant will say: “We are all (together) in this (Fire)! Verily Allah has judged between (His) slaves!” (Qur’an 40:45-48)
It is important to note that the believing man from Fir’aun’s family spoke the truth in front of Fir’aun and his chiefs even though he could have used the excuse that he was weak. He spoke from ayat 28-44 where the very next ayat of 45, Allah informs us that the man was saved and the scenery of the followers and leaders in the hell follows next. This means that we can’t use weakness as an excuse for not standing up for what is right. Sometimes just like this man, all you can do is just say the truth. Remember in surah Buruj the people who stood with the truth were killed but Allah still calls it a great success. Therefore standing with the truth benefits you in the end no matter what you have to go through. Be with the truth even if you are alone no matter the consequences. This is quite easy to quote and seems easy to implement but what a difficult thing it is.
O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. (Qur’an 33:70)
Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope… (Qur’an 2:286)
It is only Satan that suggests to you the fear of his Auliya[supporters, friends etc]; so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers. (Qur’an 3:175)
The children of Israel were delivered to the Holy Land by another leader; not Musa. The children of Israel did not enter under the leadership of Musa or Harun. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) tells us a clue why this victory was delayed. The children of Israel that came out of Egypt were raised out in servitude and slavery; so they were weak and hence were not fit for victory. Allah made them stay in the wilderness for 40 years, until all of that generation passed away and a new generation that was raised up in freedom under the leadership and teachings of Musa and Harun via the Taurat, these were the ones who were given the victory to enter Jerusalem.
Lesson: There is no doubt that Musa is one of the greatest Messengers of the children of Israel; why didn’t victory come with him. This tells us that it is not enough for us to have a leader. Musa is the best that children of Israel has seen and is the founder of this nation nevertheless victory did not happen at his hands even though he desired it so greatly. He wanted to enter into the Holy Land and we know how much he desired that; that even when the angel of death came to take his soul, he hit him and then when he knew that this is his appointed time, he said, “I will die now but O Allah make me die as close to Jerusalem as possible.” This victory did not occur because the generation that was with Musa did not deserve it. So now people are waiting for Al-Mahdi. It is not an issue with Al-Mahdi, if you are not ready Al-Mahdi cannot do you anything. The generation has to be ready and prepared for victory and is not an issue with the leader. This should be a great lesson for all those followers who just blame the leader; if followers want change they too must change
Thus he [Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] befooled and misled his people, and they obeyed him. Verily, they were ever a people who were Fasiqun (rebellious & disobedient). So when they angered Us, We punished them, and drowned them all. And We made them a precedent, and an example to later generations. (Qur’an 43:54-56)
When you make a judgment about Kufr you can’t make a generalized judgment according to one person that you know because that person is not the one calling the shots and when Qur’an talks about kuffar it talks about the leaders of Kufr who are pulling the strings.All Messengers had to deal with the leaders of Kufr. The masses of the people are decent and nice but if they don’t wake up from the dream world they are living in, they are not going to wake up until they enter in Hell fire and then they will blame the leaders for making them end up in Hell and will ask Allah to multiply the punishments on the leaders. There are conversations in Qur’an which happen between the leaders and followers; Allah gives us the reason why the followers are also in Hell in Qur’an 43:54? So Allah says that the masses followed Fir’aun and his chiefs because they were attached to Dunya (attached to their jobs, status-quo, and desires) and that is how their leaders tricked them.They were in the end a corrupt people because they never stood up for the truth and what was right.
And those who disbelieve say: “We believe not in this Qur’an nor in that which was before it,” but if you could see when the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) will be made to stand before their Lord, how they will cast the (blaming) word one to another! Those who were deemed weak will say to those who were arrogant: “Had it not been for you, we should certainly have been believers!” (Qur’an 34:31)
And those who were arrogant will say to those who were deemed weak: “Did we keep you back from guidance after it had come to you? Nay, but you were Mujrimun(polytheists, sinners, disobedient to Allah, etc.). Those who were deemed weak will say to those who were arrogant: “Nay, but it was your plotting by night and day, when you ordered us to disbelieve in Allah and set up rivals to Him!” And each of them will conceal their own regrets, when they behold the torment. And We shall put iron collars round the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught except what they used to do? (Qur’an 34:32-33)88 - IARLG - LEADERS AND FOLLOWERS; Date: 30th October 2015; 16th or 17th Muharram 1437 (101 downloads)
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