172 – IARLG – NOT ALL SATANS OR DEVIL JINNS ARE LOCKED IN THE MONTH OF RAMADAN; Date 9th June 2017; 13th or 14th Ramadan 1438

Date: 9th June 2017; 13th or 14th Ramadan 1438;  Bismillahi Rahmanir Rahim

Sources: https://islamqa.info/en/157606; https://islamqa.info/en/142577; https://islamqa.info/en/39736; https://islamqa.info/en/12653; http://www.khilafah.com/ramadan-and-the-battle-of-badr/;

ISLAMIC AL-JUMUAA REMINDER AND LEGACY GROUP, (http://aljumaareminder.com/), the jinns in Ramadan:

NOT ALL SATANS OR DEVIL JINNS ARE LOCKED IN THE MONTH OF RAMADAN

A misconception is that all Satans or Devil jinns are locked in the month of Ramadan. After doing research; we have reached these two conclusions:

  1. Only the most rebellious devils (maarid) of the jinns are chained up during the month of Ramadan. Since only the most rebellious devils of the jinns are chained up does not mean all rebellious devils are chained up. This means that evil will be reduced but not completely eliminated on the month of Ramadan.
  1. Though Iblis is one of the most rebellious devils of the jinns he is probably excepted from being chained up in the month of Ramadan since he asked Allah for respite till the Day of Judgment. {He appeared and mislead the disbelievers in the Battle of Badr that took place on the month Ramadan}
  1. The most rebellious devils of the jinns cannot influence the believers in Ramadan but can influence the disbelievers; the chaining up of the devils only has to do with the believers who are fasting, not the disbelievers.

 

Please note that human beings are by themselves also able to do evil without any influence from the devils and so it is not proper to blame every sin on the devils. Instances where the humans are mentioned alone as being capable of doing sins can be seen in (Qur’an 12:53), (Qur’an 96:6-7), (Qur’an 100:6-7) etc.

 

Allow us to present the first set of proofs we used to reach the conclusions above:

The jinn may appear in human or animal form; they may appear in the form of snakes, scorpions and so on; or in the form of camels, cattle, sheep, horses, mules and donkeys; or in the form of birds. They may also appear in human form, as the Shaytaan came to Quraysh in the form of Suraaqah ibn Maalik ibn Ja‘sham, when they wanted to go out to Badr. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And (remember) when Shaitan (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, ‘No one of mankind can overcome you this Day (of the battle of Badr) and verily, I am your neighbour (for each and every help).’ But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said ‘Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allah for Allah is Severe in punishment’” (Qur’an 8:48)

There is no difference between the month of Ramadan and other months with regard to seeing the jinn in different forms; rather it is proven in a saheeh hadeeth that the jinn may appear in human form during the month of Ramadan.

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) put me in charge of guarding the zakah (charity) of Ramadan. Someone came to me and started scooping up handfuls of the food. I grabbed him and said, ‘I will take you to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).’. He said: ‘Verily I am in need, and I have dependents and am in great need.’ So I let him go. The next day, the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) asked me: ‘O Abu Hurayrah, what did your prisoner do last night?’ I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, he complained of great need and having dependents, so I took pity on him and let him go.’ He said: ‘He lied to you and he will come back.’ Then I knew that he would come back, because the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said that he would come back. So I lay in wait for him, and he came and started scooping up handfuls of the food. I grabbed him and said, ‘I will take you to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).’. He said: ‘Let go of me, for I am in need, and I have dependents; I will not come back.’ I took pity on him and let him go, then the next morning the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) asked me: ‘O Abu Hurayrah, what did your prisoner do last night?’ I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, he complained of great need and dependents, so I took pity on him and let him go.’ He said: ‘He lied to you and he will come back.’ So I lay in wait for him on the third night, and he came and started scooping up handfuls of the food. I took hold of him and said, ‘I will take you to the Messenger of Allah, and this is the last of three times. You say that you will not come back, but then you come back.’ He said: ‘Let go of me, and I will teach you some words by means of which Allah will benefit you.’ I said, ‘What are they?’ He said, ‘When you go to your bed, recite Aayat al-Kursiy, “Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists)…” [2:255] – until you complete the verse, for then you will have a protector from Allah and no devil will come near you until morning.’ So I let him go, and the next morning the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked me, ‘What did your prisoner do last night?’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, he claimed that he would teach me some words by means of which Allah would benefit me, so I let him go.’ He said: ‘What were they?’ I said: ‘He said to me: “When you go to your bed, recite Aayat al-Kursiy from beginning to end, ‘Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists)…’” And he said to me: “You will have a protector from Allah and no devil will come near you until morning.” – And they (the Sahaabah) were very eager to learn good things – The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, ‘Indeed he told you the truth, although he is an inveterate liar. Do you know who you have been speaking to for the last three nights, O Abu Hurayrah?’ I said: ‘No.’ He said: ‘That was the Shaytaan.’ [Narrated by al-Bukhaari (3101) in a mu‘allaq report; an-Nasaa’i in ‘Aml al-Yawm wa al-Laylah (p. 533)]

This hadeeth indicates that it is possible for the jinn to change their form, and also that they may appear in Ramadan. The correct view is that those who are chained up during the month of Ramadan are the most rebellious devils (maarid), not all of the jinn.

The devils may whisper to man in Ramadan, and the practitioners of witchcraft may practice their craft during Ramadan, but that undoubtedly happens to a lesser extent than at times other than Ramadan.

It was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When Ramadan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened, and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained up.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3277; Muslim, 1079. According to al-Nasaa’i: “The most evil jinn are chained up.”

This does not mean that the devils have no influence at all, rather it indicates that they become weaker in Ramadan and are not able to do what they are able to do at times other than Ramadan.  It may be interpreted as meaning that the ones who are chained up are the most evil devils, not all of them.

Note: So if you hear a dog barking or a donkey braying at night on Ramadan with no obvious reasons; know that they have most likely seen a devil as seen in the hadith below.

Abu Dawud reported in his Sunan that Jabir Ibn Abdullah narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said:” If you hear the barking of dogs and the braying of donkeys by night, seek refuge in Allah, as they see what you cannot see”. Albani and others classified this Hadith as authentic.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “When you hear the crowing of cocks, ask for Allah’s Blessings for (their crowing indicates that) they have seen an angel. And when you hear the braying of donkeys, seek Refuge with Allah from Satan for (their braying indicates) that they have seen a Satan.” [Sahih al-Bukhari 3303]

Based on this, the chaining up of the devils is something that happens in a real sense, about which Allah knows best. This does not mean that evil things do not happen or that people do not commit sin. And Allah knows best.

 

Background on the Battle of Badr:

The battle of Badr occurred on 17th Ramadan 2 A.H {After Hijr}. We are now in the Ramadan of the year 1438 A.H.

One of the greatest sins was taking place on Ramadan; they actually tried to fight Allah and His Messenger on the month of Ramadan. Believe it or not that there are still people who are waging war on Allah and His Messenger up till today.

One obvious example from the many sins is that of people eating Riba (interest, Usury) even in the month of Ramadan:

  • Notice in Surah Baqara in Ayat 275 to 279; that people are warned not to eat Riba and ends with a stern warning that if they don’t refrain from eating Riba they should take notice of war from Allah and His Messenger.
  • Notice in Surah Imran in Ayat 123 to 130; that Allah gives us a preview of what it means to wage war against Allah and His Messenger via the battle of Badr that took place in this very earth then immediately reminds us not to eat Riba in Ayat 130 which inevitably leads to such a war.
  • Despite this; people nowadays still eat Riba. May Allah guide us to make the best of decisions; Ameen

 

Ibn Mas’ud narrated: “The Messenger of Allah cursed the one who consumed Riba, and the one who charged it, those who witnessed it, and the one who recorded it.” He said: There are narrations on this topic from ‘Umar, ‘Ali, Jabir [and Abu Juhaifah]. The Hadith of ‘Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1206]

It is not possible to be certain that what the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said about the chaining up of the devils was said when fasting was first prescribed. The fast of Ramadan was prescribed in the first year after the Hijrah, and the battle of Badr occurred in the second year; that may have been said after the battle of Badr.

 

Allow us to present the second and final set of proofs we used to reach the conclusions in our introduction:

It is well-known in the books of tafseer and seerah that the Shaytaan was present at the battle of Badr and that he appeared in the form of Suraaqah ibn Maalik. That is mentioned in the commentary on the verse in which Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And (remember) when Shaitan (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, ‘No one of mankind can overcome you this day (of the battle of Badr) and verily, I will be your protector.’ But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said ‘Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allah for Allah is Severe in punishment.’” (Qur’an 8:48)

But that is not proven by any saheeh isnaad going back to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). Rather it was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him), and there are some reservations about its isnaad, because it is one of the reports narrated by ‘Ali ibn Abi Talhah from him.

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Iblees came on the day of Badr bringing a troop of devils with him. I saw him in the form of a man from Banu Mudlij, in the form of Suraaqah ibn Maalik ibn Ju‘sham. The Shaytaan said to the mushrikeen: No one of mankind can overcome you this day (of the battle of Badr) and verily, I will be your protector. Then when the people had drawn themselves up in battle array, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) picked up a handful of dust and threw it in the faces of the mushrikeen, and they turned and fled. Jibreel came to Iblees and when he saw him, his hand was in the hand of one of the mushrik men. Iblees pulled his hand away, and turned and fled, he and his party. The man said: O Suraaqah, did you not say that you would protect us? He said: ‘Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allah for Allah is Severe in punishment.’ That was when he saw the angels.

It was narrated by at-Tabaraani in his Tafseer (13/7).

At-Tabaraani narrated in al-Mu‘jam al-Kabeer (5/47) from Rifaa‘ah ibn Raafi‘ al-Ansaari a report similar to that of Ibn ‘Abbaas, but its isnaad is da‘eef. It includes ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Imraan, who is da‘eef; he was classed as da‘eef by al-Haythami, who gave reasons for that, in Majma‘ az-Zawaa’id (6/82).

Perhaps something that will strengthen the meaning of these two reports is a mursal hadeeth that was narrated by Maalik in al-Muwatta’ (944) from Talhah ibn ‘Ubaydullah ibn Kareez, according to which the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: Iblees is never seen on any day smaller, more humiliated, more defeated and more angry than on the day of ‘Arafah, because of what he sees of the descent of mercy and forgiveness for sins, except what he saw on the day of Badr.” They said: O Messenger of Allah, what did he see on the day of Badr? He said: “He saw Jibreel organising the angels.”

What is meant by “organizing the angels” is that he was putting them into rows for battle.  Because this story has several chains of transmission, it may be sound and acceptable.

Remember the chaining up of the devils most likely only has to do with the believers who are fasting, not the disbelievers.

Abu al-‘Abbaas al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: They are only chained up and kept away from those whose fast fulfils the necessary conditions and who pay attention to its etiquette. [Sharh az-Zarqaani ‘ala Muwatta’ al-Imam Maalik (3/137).]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Those among the devils who are chained up may still cause harm, but it is less and weaker than what happens at times other than Ramadan. It is in accordance with the perfection or otherwise of the fast. If a person’s fast is perfect and complete, the Shaytaan will be warded off in a manner in which he is not warded off from one whose fast is lacking. [Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa (25/246)].

From this it is clear that there is no confusion about the shaytaan coming to the mushrikeen just before the fighting started in the battle of Badr.

IARLG’s comments: Why are stressing on removing this misconception that all devils are locked up in Ramadan? This is because we don’t want Muslims to let down their guard but to brace themselves up instead. Remember that the devils are working with the Dajjal. If the devils take the form of someone you trust (eg close relative or a scholar) and tells you something that goes against the Quran and Sunnah then it is up to you to follow only the Quran and Sunnah as our Prophet advised in his farewell sermon.

 

172 - IARLG - NOT ALL SATANS OR DEVIL JINNS ARE LOCKED IN THE MONTH OF RAMADAN; Date 9th June 2017; 13th or 14th Ramadan 1438 (32 downloads)

 

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