Date: 21st April 2017; 24th or 25th Rajab 1438; Bismillahi Rahmanir Rahim
ISLAMIC AL-JUMUAA REMINDER AND LEGACY GROUP,(http://aljumaareminder.com/), jinns are addressed a lot more in the Qur’an than one might think:
A SUBTLE WAY THE JINNS ARE ADDRESSED IN THE QURAN
Allah has enabled opened our eyes to a fact in the Qur’an that we would like to share. Have you ever wondered why the Qur’an despite addressing both men and jinn does not address the jinn very much? Well, we were surprised to realize that the Quran addresses us and the jinn many times apart from Surah Rahman; it’s just that we were oblivious to it.
If you never had a child and you go to a supermarket; you might not notice the baby items much since your mind completely filters them out, right? If you have a child and you go to the same supermarket your conscious mind will suddenly realize that there are baby items you never noticed before; this is because you mind is searching for every baby item to compare the prices and qualities for your child. [Keep this example in mind as we will show you how the Qur’an addresses the JINNS much more than you realize; you will surely appreciate this considering jinns are a reality.] Let us begin with the basics; what is the purpose of jinns and men?
And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). (Qur’an 51:56)
To understand more about worship; please read our 15th article from: http://aljumaareminder.com/reminder/worshiper-or-slave-of-allah-date-23rd-may-2014-23rd24th-rajab-1435/
Now that you know the meaning of worship; let us look at the following Ayats:
And if We had willed, surely! We would have given every person (nafs) his guidance, but the Word from Me took effect (about evil-doers), that I will fill Hell with jinn and mankind together. (Qur’an 32:13)
By looking at (Qur’an 32:13) above, it becomes clear that the word nafs (usually translated as soul) applies for not only mankind but jinns too. This opens up other angles we couldn’t reflect on all the Ayats which contain the word nafs.
Note: Through (Qur’an 6:130:18) and (Qur’an 6:130:24) we see that the word nafs is again attributed to both men and jinns
Now that you know that the word nafs applies to both men and jinns; you realize that the following Ayats and others which contain the word nafs is referring to both men and jinn:
Every soul (nafs) shall taste the death. Then unto Us you shall be returned. (Qur’an 29:57)
And on the earth are signs for those who have Faith with certainty, and also in your ownselves (nafs). Will you not then see? (Qur’an 51:20-21)
(It will be said to the pious on the Day of Judgement): “O (you)(nafs) in (complete) rest and satisfaction! Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves, and enter you My Paradise!” (Qur’an 89:27-30)
Note: Though in (Qur’an 51:20-21) we are told to reflect about ourselves; there are limits. Just as a male is not allowed to reflect on a naked woman as it is prohibited; you can’t reflect on jinns by trying to get close to them and communicate with them. Everything is permissible except what has been made impermissible by the Quran and Sunnah. The believing jinns enter Paradise too as seen in Surah Rahman.
Ibn ‘Abbas reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to say: ” O Allah, it is unto Thee that I surrender myself. I affirm my faith in Thee and repose my trust in Thee and turn to Thee in repentance and with Thy help fought my adversaries. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee with Thine Power; there is no god but Thou, lest Thou leadest me astray. Thou art ever-living that dieth not, while the Jinn and mankind die.” [Sahih Muslim 2717]
Note: It is best to remind ourselves that the whole Quran is from Allah and that sometimes in order to understand one part of the Quran you would need to understand other part(s) of the Quran. Remember that the Qur’an explains the Qur’an; for example reading every Ayah from the Quran except the Ayats from Surah Kahf might make you reach the conclusion that Iblis was an angel and not a jinn because it is in Surah Kahf where we learn that Iblis was actually a jinn and not an angel.
Let us have a further look at the following Ayats:
And (remember) when We sent towards you Nafran (three to ten persons) of the jinns, (quietly) listening to the Qur’an, when they stood in the presence thereof, they said: “Listen in silence!” And when it was finished, they returned to their people (qawm), as warners. They said: “O our people (qawm)! Verily! We have heard a Book (this Qur’an) sent down after Musa (Moses), confirming what came before it, it guides to the truth and to a Straight Path (i.e. Islam). O our people (qawm)! Respond (with obedience) to Allah’s Caller, and believe in him. He (Allah) will forgive you of your sins, and will save you from a painful torment (i.e. Hell-fire). (Qur’an 46:29-31)
In (Qur’an 46:29), (Qur’an 46:30) and (Qur’an 46:31); all of them show that jinns are also referred to as qawm (people). There are many different groups of qawms (people) ranging from general to specific; an example of a specific can be like the qawm (people) of Ibrahim or like the qawm (people) of Lut as seen in (Qur’an 22:43) and a general address of all qawms (people) including men and jinns can be seen in (Qur’an 13:7) which truly shows that all mankind and jinn have guides. For more information on (Qur’an 13:7) please read the IARLG’s Comments found in our 153rd article which can be read from http://aljumaareminder.com/reminder/153-iarlg-poundering-over-quran-7_172-to-174-date-27th-january-2017-28th-or-29th-rabi-al-thani-1438/
…You are only a warner, and to every people (qawm) there is a guide. (Qur’an 13:7)
It is at this point that we can also state that the good titles such as believers (muminuun), Muslims (one who submits to Allah), Muttaqun (those who guard themselves) etc are not limited only to men but can also include jinns. (Qur’an 72:11), (Qur’an 72:14) and (Qur’an 46:29-31) are Ayats which prove these good titles can belong to both men and jinns.
Similarly it is also best to state that the bad titles such Satans, disbelievers (Kuffars), Zalimun (wrong-doers, polytheists), Mufsidun (those who corrupt) etc cannot be limited to only men or jinns but they cover both categories of men and jinns. (Qur’an 6:112), (Qur’an 6:130) are Ayats which prove these bad titles can belong to both men and jinns.
Now please read the following Ayats we have selected keeping in mind that the word qawm and nafs includes both mankind and jinns; from this you will see the point of view jinns have when listening to the Qur’an.
The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say, “We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers” – and they say, “We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).” Allah burdens not a person (nafs/soul) beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us; our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Suppor-ter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people (qawm).” (Qur’an 2:285-286)
Certainly, We have brought to them a Book (the Qur’an) which We have explained in detail with knowledge, – a guidance and a mercy to a people (qawm) who believe. (Qur’an 7:52)
And it is He Who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnain (two in pairs – may mean two kinds or it may mean: of two sorts, e.g. black and white, sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the day. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (signs) for people (qawm) who reflect. And in the earth are neighboring tracts, and gardens of vines, and green crops (fields etc.), and date-palms, growing out two or three from a single stem root, or otherwise (one stem root for every palm ), watered with the same water, yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (signs) for the people (qawm) who understand. (Qur’an 13:3-4)
We recite to you some of the news of Musa and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) in truth, for a people (qawm) who believe. (Qur’an 28:3)
It is Allah Who takes away the souls (nafs) at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people (qawm) who think deeply. (Qur’an 39:42)
If we read (Qur’an 2:285-286) we see in the last part we as men seek victory against the disbelieving people (qawm) of both men and jinns (including Satan and his fellow jinn followers too). When the jinns listen to this last part they also realize that the disbelieving people (qawm) of both men and jinns are referred to here.
If we read (Qur’an 7:52), we see that the Book has not been sent down only to qawm of men but also the qawm of jinns. Remember the jinns addressed their fellow jinns as qawm meaning there are also other qawms of jinns and not of men alone. The fact that this Ayat generalizes all qawms surely means it covers both men and jinn qawms.
Assuming we are reading Surah Rahman for the first time on this earth from Ayat 1 to 12, we find no mention of the jinns. Then suddenly in the 13th Ayah, Allah addresses two groups of people and at this point the jinns are probably shocked and are wondering if the second group being referred really is them. If we continue reciting up to the 16th Ayah is when the jinns realize that they really are being addressed as they were perfectly explained in the 15th Ayah. What else do we get from Ayats 1-16? Isn’t it similar to (Qur’an 13:3-4) above? If you look at (Qur’an 13:3-4) and (Qur’an 55:1-16); the favours of Allah are displayed and then we (men and jinns) are asked to pounder on them and be grateful.
The jinns who believed and knew Musa must have really been happy when (Qur’an 28:3) was first recited to them. Imagine that they knew Musa and now they are about to get true facts about Musa from Allah. But this does not apply only to the qawm of jinns who believe but also to the qawm of men who believe.
The normal time for humans to sleep is at night and the normal time for the jinns to be active is at night as evidenced from the Quran and Sunnah. Just like how some of mankind are active at night; there are some jinns that are also active during the day [eg the jinns that work for magicians normally go by the schedule of the magician]. But do jinns sleep? That is a tough one. When talking about the nafs in (Qur’an 39:42) we see that Allah could either be talking about a specific group of nafs (eg only humans) or all nafs (eg humans, jinns etc). There are some things we may never know fully as seen in (Qur’an 17:85), that we have been given little knowledge. Either way both men and jinns have a lot to pounder on this Ayat; more so for jinns who have the ability to influence the dreams of man; such as when a Satan jinn gives a man a nightmare by Allah’s Permission.
Now with the word Ummah (root words: alif-mim-mim) let us start at looking at (Qur’an 7:38:4), (Qur’an 7:38:16), (Qur’an 41:25:15), (Qur’an 46:18:7) and (Qur’an 16:36):
(Allah) will say: “Enter you in the Umamin (nations) who passed away before you, of men and jinns, into the Fire.” Every time a Ummatun (nation) enters, it curses its sister (sister nation that went before), until they will be gathered all together in the Fire. The last of them will say to the first of them: “Our Lord! These misled us, so give them a double torment of the Fire.” He will say: “For each one there is double (torment), but you know not.” The first of them will say to the last of them: “You were not better than us, so taste the torment for what you used to earn.” (Qur’an 7:38-39)
And We have assigned them (devils) intimate companions (in this world), who have made fair-seeming to them, what was before them and what was behind them. And the Word (i.e. the torment) is justified among Umamin (nations) (that have) passed away before them of the jinn and the men. Indeed they (all) were the losers. (Qur’an 41:25)
They are those against whom the Word (of torment) is justified among Umamin (nations) (that have) passed away before them of the jinn and the men.. Verily! They are ever the losers. (Qur’an 46:18)
And verily, We have sent into every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (Qur’an 16:36)
The term Ummah really needs to be studied; what makes it different from qawm? In (Qur’an 11:118), Allah is informing His Messenger that if He had so willed, He could surely have made mankind one Ummah but they will not cease to disagree. Here we see that even within categories such as men, jinns, birds etc; there are different Ummahs within these categories. Just looking at different kinds of birds all around the world be it crows, vultures, hoopoes etc; what is the common thing which they are all similar in? It is quite simple; they are Muslims.
There is not a moving (living) creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are Umamun (communities) like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered. (Qur’an 6:38)
In case you are wondering about the categories of jinns; our Prophet said: “There are three types of jinn: one that flies through the air, one that are snakes and dogs, and one which stay in places and travel about…”
Note: An Ummah is not limited to more than one individual as seen in (Qur’an 16:120) where Ibrahim is identified as an Ummah by himself.
That is why there the terms, “the Muslim Ummah”; “the Ummah of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam” exist. But as we all know that Muslims are not all identical; there are some who are human (blacks, white, Chinese, Japanese etc) and others are jinns (one that flies through the air, one that are snakes and dogs, and one which stay in places and travel about). This is not only limited to the Muslims but there are also different kinds of Christians (jinns and humans [eg blacks and whites, Chinese, Arabs, etc]).
The term qawm (people) is different from Ummah in that it generalizes everyone according to a certain benchmark. For example the people (qawm) of Nuh are all the people regardless of their race or belief that Nuh was sent to. We very well know that there were few believers and others disbelievers; all still being referred to Nuh as a benchmark as his people (qawm).
In Summary an Ummah is:
- A party, a category of people/creatures; see (Qur’an 3:104), (Qur’an 6:38), (Qur’an 11:118)
- A common belief, tradition; see (Qur’an 43:22)
- A period of time; see (Qur’an 12:45)
- A fixed, or determined time; see (Qur’an 11:8)
- Following a certain way of life; see (Qur’an 6:38)
- An epitome of Godliness, a man alone, one of a kind; see (Qur’an 16:120)
By Allah, We indeed sent (Messengers) to the Umamin (nations) before you, but Shaitan (Satan) made their deeds fair-seeming to them. So he (Satan) is their Wali (helper) today (i.e. in this world), and theirs will be a painful torment. And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you, except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a people (qawm) who believe. (Qur’an 16:63-64)
Even if the jinns might not have jinn Prophets/Messengers [see (Qur’an 22:75)]; they certainly have warners. Not just simple warners but warners who warn repeatedly.
What happens when you put a م (Mu) in front of a word. It can be used to make a verb into the person who does the action or the place the action is done. It’s way more complicated than that, but that’s the condensed, simplified explanation. Here’s an example:
درس means to study and مدرسة is a school, or a place of studying.
مرض is sickness, and ممرضة is a nurse, or someone who takes care of the sick.
طبخ is to cook, and مطبخ is a kitchen, or a place of cooking.
http://www.islamtomorrow.com/islam/index.asp: “Islam” as a verb from the root “aslama” (a verb), means to: “surrender; submit; obey; sincerity and in peace.” In Arabic the prefix “mu” is added to denote the one performing the action or verb and instead it becomes “mu”-“islam” or “Muslim.”
Now that you understand the concept let us see if you recognize these words from the Qur’an (these have been summarized roughly for one to understand):
- Mu + Nifaq = Munafiq => Munafiqun [One who practices hypocrisy]
- Mu + Islam = Muslim => Muslimun [One who submits to Allah]
- Mu + Ihsan = Muhsin => Muhsinun [One who has attained Ihsan such as the Prophets, Messengers eg Yusuf, Musa etc]
- Mu + Taqwa = Muttaqi => Muttaqun [One who fears Allah]
- Mu + Imaan = Mu’min => Mu’minun [One who has faith]
- Mu + Fasad = Mufsid => Mufsidun [One who corrupts]
- Mu + Nadhar = Mundhirun [One who warns]
The jinns in (Qur’an 46:29) are called Mundhirun generally meaning they spread the word of Islam amongst jinns (believing and disbelieving) with all of their best efforts. And Allah knows Best.
Another proof that the jinns know about Allah and the Day of Resurrection can be seen in (Qur’an 37:158) below. The jinns are constantly exposed to the unseen (eg angels, ) and so from this perspective one can understand (Qur’an 37:158).
And they have invented a kinship between Him and the jinns, but the jinns know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him) (i.e. they will be brought for accounts). (Qur’an 37:158)
Let us look at (Qur’an 6:128:4), (Qur’an 6:130:1), (Qur’an 55:33:1) have a look at the word ma’ashara with root words ayn-sh-r:
And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): “Ya-ma’ashara (O you assembly) of jinns! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Auliya’ (friends and helpers, etc.) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allah may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.” (Qur’an 6:128)
Ya-ma’ashara (O you assembly) of jinns and mankind! “Did not there come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say: “We bear witness against ourselves.” It was the life of this world that deceived them. And they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers. (Qur’an 6:130)
Ya-ma’ashara (O assembly) of jinns and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allah)! (Qur’an 55:33)
The root word ayn-sh-r also carries the meaning of relatives, friend and kindred and that is why when you are looking at the following hadiths you see we Muslims (from mankind) are being told about our brothers among the jinns; which brothers? The Muslim brothers of course. Remember however that Muslims are not to communicate and work with Muslim nor non-Muslim jinns as we explained in our 135th article (see http://aljumaareminder.com/reminder/135-iarlg-magicians-part-10-surah-rahman-prohibits-interaction-between-men-and-jinns-date-23rd-september-2016-22nd-or-23rd-dhu-al-hijja-1437/ ). It is most likely that Muslim jinns assist us without letting us know by suppressing the evil jinns and such but we should put our reliance on Allah. Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam never worked with jinns even if the situation was dire and even if he badly needed information from enemy camps; he would send out spies instead of jinns. He would send human spies even if it was risky to obtain information. This is in itself a Sunnah which we have to follow.
Abdullah bin Mas’ud narrated that : Allah’s Messenger said: “Do not perform Istinja, with dung, nor with bones. For indeed it is provisions for your brothers among the Jinn.” [Sahih (Darussalam)] [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 18]
Narrated Ash-Sha’bi: That ‘Alqamah said: “I said to Ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him: ‘Did any of you accompany the Prophet (ﷺ) on the Night of the Jinn?’ He said: ‘None of us accompanied him. One night, while he was in Makkah, we could not find him. We said: “He has been murdered [or] snatched, what has happened to him?” So we spent the worst night a people could spend until the morning’ or ‘it was about dawn when we saw him coming from the direction of Hira.’ He said: ‘They told him about what they had went through.'” “So he (ﷺ) said: ‘Someone from the Jinn came to invite me, so I went to them to recite for them.’ He said: “So we went and saw their tracks and the traces of their camp fire.'” Ash-Sha’bi said: “They asked him about their provisions – and they were Jinns of Mesopotamia – so he said: ‘Every bone upon which Allah’s name has not been mentioned, that falls into your hands, and every dropping of dung is fodder for your beasts.'” So the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Do not perform Istinja with them for indeed they are provisions for your brothers among the Jinns.” [Sahih (Darussalam)] [Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3258]
Dawud reported from ‘Amir who said: I asked ‘Alqama if Ibn Mas’ud was present with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) on the night of the Jinn (the night when the Prophet met them). He (Ibn Mas’uad) said: No, but we were in the company of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) one night and we missed him. We searched for him in the valleys and the hills and said. He has either been taken away (by jinn) or has been secretly killed. He (the narrator) said. We spent the worst night which people could ever spend. When it was dawn we saw him coming from the side of Hiri’. He (the narrator) reported. We said: Messenger of Allah, we missed you and searched for you, but we could not find you and we spent the worst night which people could ever spend. He (the Holy Prophet) said: There came to me an inviter on behalf of the Jinn and I went along with him and recited to them the Qur’an. He (the narrator) said: He then went along with us and showed us their traces and traces of their embers. They (the Jinn) asked him (the Holy Prophet) about their provision and he said: Every bone on which the name of Allah is recited is your provision. The time it will fall in your hand it would be covered with flesh, and the dung of (the camels) is fodder for your animals. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Don’t perform istinja with these (things) for these are the food of your brothers (Jinn). [Sahih Muslim 450 a]
The case study is simple; let us analyze and compare (Qur’an 16:79) and (Qur’an 67:19) based on what we have covered:
Do they not see the birds held (flying) in the midst of the sky? None holds them but Allah [none gave them the ability to fly but Allah]. Verily, in this are clear proofs and signs for people (qawm) who believe (in the Oneness of Allah). (Qur’an 16:79)
Do they not see the birds above them, spreading out their wings and folding them in? None upholds them except the Most Beneficent (Allah). Verily, He is the All-Seer of everything. (Qur’an 67:19)
If you have read Surah Mulk then you know that (Qur’an 67:19) is mostly referring to human beings more than jinns. The jinns can reflect on this Ayat from our point of view to gain imaan just like we Muslims gain imaan from Ayats where Allah addresses the Children of Israel etc. But this Ayah can also be reflected on by the jinns who can’t fly because most of the times they will see the birds above them. Those jinns who fly while the birds are still above them or land and the birds are still above them can also internalize this Ayat. Those who fly higher than the birds might start to think that they have beat (Qur’an 67:19) but Allah reminds them at the ending part of (Qur’an 67:19) that He is the All-Seer of everything and that they should not get cocky.
In Surah Nahl is where it gets interesting. What do you notice reading (Qur’an 16:79). This Ayat openly states that there clear Ayat for the people (qawm) [of men and jinns] who believe. One of the major things which makes it a bit different from (Qur’an 67:19) is that it only urges us to see the birds held (flying) in the midst of the sky; meaning from any angle. The jinns who fly higher than the birds and watch them from above or the human beings who are in airplanes above the birds and watch them have a lot to gain from this Ayat. It doesn’t have to be above the birds but even sideways too. Sometimes the birds are seen sideways via satellites recordings etc.
Lastly; there might also be other qawms apart from jinns and mankind. Remember we don’t know all the creations of Allah and there are those who are preferred more against the children of Adam as we have explained in our 82nd article [see http://aljumaareminder.com/reminder/the-existence-of-creationscreatures-not-yet-known-date-18th-september-2015-3rd-or-4th-dhu-al-%E1%B8%A5ijja-1436/]
What we do know is that Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam was sent as a mercy to all the worlds.
And We have sent you (O Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam) not but as a mercy for the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Qur’an 21:107)
The qawms of all the worlds may not be limited to just jinns and men. There might be other qawms we don’t know about who are also reciting the Qur’an; but Allah knows Best.
…And He creates (other) things of which you have no knowledge. (Qur’an 16:8)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….165 - IARLG - A SUBTLE WAY THE JINNS ARE ADDRESSED IN THE QURAN; Date 21st April 2017; 24th or 25th Rajab 1438 (35 downloads)
- IARLG - Articles 1 to 57 (285 downloads)
- IARLG - Articles 58-66, 72-73, 81-82, 93-108, 110-112 & 121-122 (280 downloads)
- IARLG - Updated - YA’JUJ AND MA’JUJ (GOG AND MAGOG) – Articles 83-92, 109, 124, 139-146 (256 downloads)
- IARLG - Jinns & Magicians – Articles 67-71, 74-80, 113-120, 123, 125-136 (264 downloads)